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The Fresno and Habanero peppers are two of the world’s most well-known chili peppers, both of which are very hot. We evaluate numerous factors while deciding between fresno pepper and habanero pepper.

The primary distinction between fresno and habanero peppers is their flavor, heat degree, and provenance. The Fresno pepper is from California and has a scoville scale of 2,50010,000 SHU, while the habanero pepper is from Central America and the Caribbean and has a scoville scale of 100,000350,000 SHU.

As you can see, the Habanero pepper is far hotter than the Fresno pepper!

Let’s quickly study more about Fresno pepper and Habanero pepper and understand what the main distinctions are!

What is Fresno Pepper?

While Fresno peppers mature from green to vivid red and get spicier with age, they are often harvested and eaten green. Green peppers are mild to moderately spicy, while mature red Fresno peppers are significantly spicier, even hotter than jalapenos.

They grow to be around 2-3 inches long and about one inch wide. The skins of the peppers are glossy and silky, with a little bend. Because of their characteristic taste, it’s no surprise that peppers are often used in salsas and hot sauces.

Green Fresno peppers have a more herbaceous taste than ripe red Fresno peppers, which become hotter and more delicious as they mature. Red Fresno peppers offer a superb taste and a bit of heat for hot meals.

Fresnos’ smaller walls might have an impact on how you make cuisine with them. While not as thin as a habanero pepper, they are thinner than a typical jalapeño, so keep that in mind at all times. The spiciness of Fresno peppers ranges from 2,500 to 10,000 Scoville Heat Units on the Scoville Scale.

This is comparable to the jalapeño, which has a maximum SHU of 8,000 and an average SHU of 5,000. They’re not extremely hot peppers.

What is Habanero?

The habanero is a kind of fiery chile. Unripe habaneros are green and become red as they mature. The most common color variants are orange and red, although the fruit may also be white, brown, yellow, green, or purple. A mature habanero is around 26 cm long.

Habanero chiles have Scoville heat ratings ranging from 100,000 to 350,000. The habanero’s heat, taste, and flowery aroma make it a popular addition to hot sauces and other spicy dishes.

It was named after the Cuban city of La Habana, sometimes known as Havana in the US, since it was formerly an important commercial hub there.

Because of its amazing spiciness, touch of citrus and fruity taste, and floral aroma, it has now become a well-loved spice in a variety of dishes, including hot sauces and other spicy foods.

In Mexico, it is routinely steeped in tequila or mezcal bottles for days or even weeks to make drinks even more fiery.

The Mayans brought this exquisite pepper up through Central America to Mexico, where it originated 8,500 years ago in Brazil’s lush jungles. They are very popular in Mexico and have been deeply ingrained in the culture of the nation.

The pepper is green until it grows, but as it matures, its color varies from yellow-orange to orange to vibrant red, and depending on when it is plucked, it may even turn pink or dark brown. It is 1 to 2 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide, with a shape comparable to the Scotch bonnet chile.

The pepper’s flesh is light and shiny.

Fresno Pepper Vs Habanero

The following are the primary distinctions between fresno pepper and habanero pepper:

  Fresno Pepper Habanero Pepper
Size 60–75 cm (24–30 in). 2–6 centimeters in length
Origin Fresno, California. Central America and the Caribbean.
Color Fresno peppers mature from green to bright red The most common color variants are orange and red, but the fruit may also be white, brown, yellow, green, or purple.
Scoville scale 2,500–10,000 SHU 100,000–350,000 SHU

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you reduce the intensity of a Habanero pepper?

Remove the inner white placental membrane to reduce the heat before adding it into your recipes. The pepper seeds have no heat. While in contact, use gloves.

How large can Habaneros get?

Habanero peppers become a vibrant orange or red when fully mature. They measure 1 to 2.5 inches long and get sharper as they grow into their full orange or red hue.

When it comes to peppers, how can you know when they’re ready to be picked?

Pick peppers while they are firm and green, or wait until the season is through and they turn red. The fruit is delicious in any color, but all fruits must be picked before the autumn cold sets in.

Is there a pepper that is comparable to habanero?

The Scotch bonnet and the habanero are practically identical twins. They have a comparable Scoville heat range (100,000 to 325,000 SHU), a similar appearance (the Scotch bonnet is somewhat more squashed), and a similar taste.

What pepper has the same flavor profile as a Fresno pepper?

Cayenne peppers have thin walls and a flavor similar to Fresnos, but with a greater amount of heat.


By a long shot, habaneros are much hotter than Fresno peppers! Since jalapenos and fresnos are so similar, they may be used interchangeably, but not with habaneros!

The higher you go on the Scoville scale, the hotter it becomes, and habaneros contain around 10 times the capsaicin strength of fresnos, which is a lot of heat! Another thing to keep in mind is that chili peppers get harsher as they become smaller, and habaneros are often little.

Some individuals wear gloves while working with spicy chili peppers, particularly habaneros. If you don’t use gloves, be sure to thoroughly clean your hands (and knives), and avoid touching your eyes or nose while handling them, or you’ll wind up with your own personal pepper spray!

Also see: Ghost Pepper Scoville Scale


Is a Fresno pepper hotter than a habanero?

Of course, this is nothing near the heat level of cayenne (30,000 to 50,000 SHU), and it’s a long way from extra-hot peppers like habanero (100,000 to 350,000 SHU). Overall, the heat level is quite kitchen-friendly, being on the milder side of medium when compared to other chilies.

What’s the difference between Fresno and jalapeño?

The most noticeable distinction between a Fresno chili and a jalapeño pepper is the thickness of the pepper walls. Fresnos have thinner walls, which might affect how they cook. They aren’t as thin as a habanero pepper, but they are thinner than a regular jalapeño, so keep that in mind while planning your recipes.

What is different about a habanero pepper?

When compared to most other spicy chilies, habanero peppers are considered very hot. On the Scoville Scale, they range from 100,000 to 350,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Habanero chilies are up to 40 times hotter on average than jalapeo peppers, which range from 2,500 to 8,000 SHU.

What’s the difference between habanero and cayenne pepper?

Scoville units for habanero range from 150,000 to 575,000. Thai chili peppers have a SHU of 50,000 to 100,000. Scoville units for Chile de Arbol range from 15,000 to 65,000 SHU. Cayenne pepper has between 30,000 and 50,000 SHU.

How spicy is Fresno pepper?

Fresno chili peppers were first grown in 1952 and were called after the city of Fresno, California. Red Fresno peppers resemble jalapeño peppers, but they have a fruitier, smokier flavor and are somewhat hotter. They range from 2,500 to 10,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU).

What pepper is slightly hotter than a habanero?

The habanero pepper has a Scoville heat rating ranging from 100,000 to 350,000. The ghost pepper (also known as Bhut Jolokia) is much hotter, with Scoville heat units ranging from 855,000 to 1,041, 427. The ghost chili may be 2 to 10 times hotter, resulting in a considerable increase in heat.

How do you identify a Fresno pepper?

Fresno. Fresno peppers start off green on the plant but progress to orange and then deep red when completely ripe, which is the optimum time to consume them. Fresno peppers are similar to jalapenos and will provide a splash of color to dishes as a jalapeño alternative.

What does Fresno pepper taste like?

What does each pepper taste like? Unripe Fresno peppers have a grassy, salty taste, but when ripe, they become sweet and delicious. Unripe jalapenos have a green, sharp taste comparable to unripe Fresno peppers, and they, too, grow sweeter when mature, albeit not as sweet as Fresnos.

Is Fresno hotter than jalapeño?

As a result, the Scoville heat unit scale was created. A jalapeño takes around 5,000 parts water to one component chile extract to reduce its heat, hence a jalapeno has a Scoville heat unit rating of roughly 5,000. A Fresno is around the same size. A bell pepper has a value of zero.

How do you identify habanero peppers?

How do they appear? The habanero pepper has a pod-like form and may grow to be 1 to 3 inches long. It has smooth skin, unlike many hotter chilies, which have pockmarked skin. It’s a stylish pod that looks well in kitchens.

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